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(d).] (1) An agreement holder who is required to prepare a forest stewardship plan is exempt from section 35 if the person(a) prepares and submits to the minister the proposed plan, including an intended result or strategy for the objective for soils that is set out in section 5, in relation to the areas of primary forest activity under the plan, and(b) receives the minister's approval to the plan.(2) An agreement holder who is required to prepare a forest stewardship plan is exempt from section 36 if the person(a) prepares and submits to the minister the proposed plan, including an intended result or strategy for the objective for soils that is set out in section 5, in relation to the areas of primary forest activity under the plan, and(b) receives the minister's approval to the plan.(3) A holder of a timber sale licence or road permit to which a proposed forest stewardship plan relates is exempt from section 35 if the timber sales manager(a) prepares and submits to the minister the proposed forest stewardship plan, including an intended result or strategy for the objective for soils that is set out in section 5, in relation to the areas of primary forest activity under the plan, and(b) receives the minister's approval to the plan.(4) A holder of a timber sale licence or road permit to which a proposed forest stewardship plan relates is exempt from section 36 if the timber sales manager(a) prepares and submits to the minister the proposed forest stewardship plan, including an intended result or strategy for the objective for soils that is set out in section 5, in relation to the areas of primary forest activity under the plan, and(b) receives the minister's approval to the plan.[en.

2 and 4.] (1) An agreement holder who is required to prepare a forest stewardship plan is exempt from section 43.1 (1) if the agreement holder(a) prepares and submits to the minister a proposed forest stewardship plan which includes intended results or strategies relating to the objectives set by government for timber in section 6 that address the retention of suitable secondary structure, and(b) receives the minister's approval of the plan.(2) A holder of a timber sale licence to which a forest stewardship plan relates and a timber sales manager are exempt from section 43.1 (1) if the timber sales manager(a) prepares and submits to the minister a proposed forest stewardship plan which includes intended results or strategies relating to the objectives set by government for timber in section 6 that address the retention of suitable secondary structure, and(b) receives the minister's approval of the plan.[en.

10.] The minister may exempt the holder of(a) a forestry licence to cut that is a major licence, or(b) a community salvage licencefrom one or more of the requirements of Divisions 1 and 2 if the minister is satisfied that the exemption is appropriate, given the nature and extent of the timber harvesting proposed by the holder.[en.

1 (a).] is not required to prepare a forest stewardship plan under section 3 (1) of the Act if timber harvesting under the licence is restricted to an area which is subject to a contract that(a) provides for the preparation of the area for reforestation,(b) is funded under a vote as defined in section 1 of the (1) Before a person submits to the minister for approval a forest stewardship plan or an amendment to one, the person must publish a notice at least once in a newspaper, and may publish the notice more frequently, stating(a) that the plan or amendment is publicly available for review and for written comment at the person's place of business or at another place specified in the notice,(b) persons may attend at that place during business hours to review the plan or amendment, and(c) the address of the person proposing the plan or amendment to which address persons may submit written comments about the plan by mail or in person.(2) For the purposes of subsection (1), the period during which persons have the opportunity to review a forest stewardship plan or an amendment to one begins on the date the notice is first published and ends(a) 60 days after that date, if no greater or lesser number of days is determined under paragraph (b) or (c) and paragraph (d) is inapplicable,(b) a greater number of days after that date that the minister may determine if paragraph (d) is inapplicable and he or she considers that the greater number of days is necessary to provide an adequate opportunity for review and comment under section 21,(c) a lesser number of days that the minister may determine if paragraph (d) is inapplicable and he or she considers that the lesser number of days will provide an adequate opportunity for review and comment under section 21, or(d) 10 days after that date if all or a substantial part of the timber to which the plan pertains(i) is dead, infested with pests or otherwise damaged, or is required to be harvested to facilitate the removal of dead, infested or damaged timber, and(ii) must be harvested expeditiously to prevent(A) the spread of pests, or(B) a significant reduction in the economic value of the timber due to a deterioration in the quality of the timber.(3) The minister by order may grant an exemption to a person who proposes a forest stewardship plan or an amendment to one from the requirement to publish a notice under subsection (1).(4) If the minister makes an order under subsection (3) and the forest stewardship plan or amendment is approved, the person exempted under the order must publish in a newspaper a notice specifying(a) that the forest stewardship plan or the amendment has been approved without having been made publicly available for review and comment, and(b) the date on which operations under the plan have been authorized to begin.(5) Despite subsection (1), a person who proposes an amendment to a forest stewardship plan in respect of section 16 is not required to publish a notice in a newspaper.(6) Despite subsection (1), a person who prepares and submits to the minister an amendment to a forest stewardship plan under section 12.21 (1) or (2) is not required to publish a notice in a newspaper.[en.

2.], for the purpose of locating a claim.(1.1) An agreement holder and the timber sales manager may cut, damage or destroy Crown timber as necessary for the purpose of carrying out silviculture treatments, stand tending treatments or forest health treatments.(2) A free miner under the if Crown timber is cut, damaged or destroyed only(a) by hand held tools, and(b) for the purpose of mineral exploration.(2.1) A land surveyor may cut, damage or destroy Crown timber as necessary in the course of carrying out duties as a land surveyor.(3) Except for minor clearing of brush and downed trees, subsection (2) does not permit cutting, damaging or destroying Crown timber beyond the minimum necessary for the safety of persons carrying out the activities.[am.

1.] The minister may exempt a person from section 52 (3) of the Act if the minister is satisfied that the Crown timber to be removed(a) is non-merchantable timber,(b) is to be removed for the purpose of protecting a community from wildfire, and(c) will not be sold to others.[en.

2.] (1) The following activities are prescribed for the purposes of the definition of "forest practice" in section 1 (1) of the Act:(a) timber harvesting, road construction, road maintenance, road use, road deactivation, silviculture treatments, botanical forest product collecting and fire use, control and suppression;(b) an activity carried out under an agreement under the , a special use permit or a road use permit;(c) an activity related to an activity described in paragraph (a) or (b).(2) The following categories of persons are prescribed for the purposes of paragraph (c) of the definition of "forest practice" in section 1 (1) of the Act:(a) contractors, employees and agents of a holder of an agreement under the unless the funding is provided as set out in section 96 of this regulation.(2) In this regulation, a reference to distance in respect to riparian management areas, riparian management zones and riparian reserve zones, and in Division 4 of Part 4, is a reference to the slope distance.(3) A person is exempt from(a) a requirement of Parts 4 and 5 of this regulation, or(b) an obligation under section 21, 29, 47 or 48 of the Actas necessary to allow the person to conform to the and the regulations under that Act.(4) Until June 1, 2005, Parts 2 and 3 of this regulation and the standards and objectives made under Parts 2 and 3 apply immediately, despite section 16 (2) of the Act, to a forest stewardship plan.[en.

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(c).] The objective set by government for wildlife and biodiversity at the landscape level is, without unduly reducing the supply of timber from British Columbia's forests and to the extent practicable, to design areas on which timber harvesting is to be carried out that resemble, both spatially and temporally, the patterns of natural disturbance that occur within the landscape.[en.

2.] (1) An agreement holder who is required to prepare a forest stewardship plan is exempt from section 47 (4) to (6) if the person(a) prepares and submits to the minister the proposed plan, including an intended result or strategy for the objective for water, fish, wildlife and biodiversity set out in section 8, in relation to the areas of primary forest activity under the plan, and(b) receives the minister's approval to the plan.(2) An agreement holder who is required to prepare a forest stewardship plan is exempt from section 48 (3) to (5) if the person(a) prepares and submits to the minister the proposed plan, including an intended result or strategy for the objective for water, fish, wildlife and biodiversity set out in section 8, in relation to the areas of primary forest activity under the plan, and(b) receives the minister's approval to the plan.(3) An agreement holder who is required to prepare a forest stewardship plan is exempt from section 49 (2) and (3) if the person(a) prepares and submits to the minister the proposed plan, including an intended result or strategy for the objective for water, fish, wildlife and biodiversity set out in section 8, in relation to the areas of primary forest activity under the plan, and(b) receives the minister's approval to the plan.(4) An agreement holder who is required to prepare a forest stewardship plan is exempt from section 50 (1) if the person(a) prepares and submits to the minister the proposed plan, including an intended result or strategy for the objective for water, fish, wildlife and biodiversity set out in section 8, in relation to the areas of primary forest activity under the plan, and(b) receives the minister's approval to the plan.(5) An agreement holder who is required to prepare a forest stewardship plan is exempt from section 51 (1) or (3) if the person(a) prepares and submits to the minister the proposed plan, including an intended result or strategy for the objective for water, fish, wildlife and biodiversity set out in section 8, in relation to the areas of primary forest activity under the plan, and(b) receives the minister's approval to the plan.(6) An agreement holder who is required to prepare a forest stewardship plan is exempt from section 52 (2) if the person(a) prepares and submits to the minister the proposed plan, including an intended result or strategy for the objective for water, fish, wildlife and biodiversity set out in section 8, in relation to the areas of primary forest activity under the plan, and(b) receives the minister's approval to the plan.(7) An agreement holder who is required to prepare a forest stewardship plan is exempt from section 53 if the person(a) prepares and submits to the minister the proposed plan, including an intended result or strategy for the objective for water, fish, wildlife and biodiversity set out in section 8, in relation to the areas of primary forest activity under the plan, and(b) receives the minister's approval to the plan.(7.1) A holder of a timber sale licence or road permit to which a proposed forest stewardship plan relates and a timber sales manager are exempt from section 47 (4) to (6) if the timber sales manager(a) prepares and submits to the minister the proposed forest stewardship plan, including an intended result or strategy for the objective for water, fish, wildlife and biodiversity set out in section 8, in relation to the areas of primary forest activity under the plan, and(b) receives the minister's approval to the plan.(8) A holder of a timber sale licence or road permit to which a proposed forest stewardship plan relates and a timber sales manager are exempt from section 48 (3) to (5) if the timber sales manager(a) prepares and submits to the minister the proposed forest stewardship plan, including an intended result or strategy for the objective for water, fish, wildlife and biodiversity set out in section 8, in relation to the areas of primary forest activity under the plan, and(b) receives the minister's approval to the plan.(9) A holder of a timber sale licence or road permit to which a proposed forest stewardship plan relates and a timber sales manager are exempt from section 49 (2) and (3) if the timber sales manager(a) prepares and submits to the minister the proposed forest stewardship plan, including an intended result or strategy for the objective for water, fish, wildlife and biodiversity set out in section 8, in relation to the areas of primary forest activity under the plan, and(b) receives the minister's approval to the plan.(10) A holder of a timber sale licence or road permit to which a proposed forest stewardship plan relates and a timber sales manager are exempt from section 50 (1) if the timber sales manager(a) prepares and submits to the minister the proposed forest stewardship plan, including an intended result or strategy for the objective for water, fish, wildlife and biodiversity set out in section 8, in relation to the areas of primary forest activity under the plan, and(b) receives the minister's approval to the plan.(11) A holder of a timber sale licence or road permit to which a proposed forest stewardship plan relates is exempt from section 51 (1) or (3) if the timber sales manager(a) prepares and submits to the minister the proposed forest stewardship plan, including an intended result or strategy for the objective for water, fish, wildlife and biodiversity set out in section 8, in relation to the areas of primary forest activity under the plan, and(b) receives the minister's approval to the plan.(12) A holder of a timber sale licence or road permit to which a proposed forest stewardship plan relates and a timber sales manager are exempt from section 52 (2) if the timber sales manager(a) prepares and submits to the minister the proposed forest stewardship plan, including an intended result or strategy for the objective for water, fish, wildlife and biodiversity set out in section 8, in relation to the areas of primary forest activity under the plan, and(b) receives the minister's approval to the plan.(13) A holder of a timber sale licence or road permit to which a proposed forest stewardship plan relates and a timber sales manager are exempt from section 53 if the timber sales manager(a) prepares and submits to the minister the proposed forest stewardship plan, including an intended result or strategy for the objective for water, fish, wildlife and biodiversity set out in section 8, in relation to the areas of primary forest activity under the plan, and(b) receives the minister's approval to the plan.[en.

(e).] (1) An agreement holder who is required to prepare a forest stewardship plan is exempt from section 55 as it pertains to cumulative hydrological effects on fish habitat in a fisheries sensitive watershed if the person(a) prepares and submits to the minister the proposed plan, including an intended result or strategy for fish habitat in a fisheries sensitive watershed set out in section 8.1, in relation to the areas of primary forest activity under the plan, and(b) receives the minister's approval to the plan.(2) An agreement holder who is required to prepare a forest stewardship plan is exempt from section 56 as it pertains to cumulative hydrological effects on fish habitat in a fisheries sensitive watershed if the person(a) prepares and submits to the minister the proposed plan, including an intended result or strategy for fish habitat in a fisheries sensitive watershed set out in section 8.1, in relation to the areas of primary forest activity under the plan, and(b) receives the minister's approval to the plan.(3) An agreement holder who is required to prepare a forest stewardship plan is exempt from section 57 as it pertains to cumulative hydrological effects on fish habitat in a fisheries sensitive watershed if the person(a) prepares and submits to the minister the proposed plan, including an intended result or strategy for fish habitat in a fisheries sensitive watershed set out in section 8.1, in relation to the areas of primary forest activity under the plan, and(b) receives the minister's approval to the plan.(4) A holder of a timber sale licence or road permit to which a proposed forest stewardship plan relates and a timber sales manager are exempt from section 55 as it pertains to cumulative hydrological effects on fish habitat in a fisheries sensitive watershed if the timber sales manager(a) prepares and submits to the minister the proposed forest stewardship plan, including an intended result or strategy for fish habitat in a fisheries sensitive watershed set out in section 8.1, in relation to the areas of primary forest activity under the plan, and(b) receives the minister's approval to the plan.(5) A holder of a timber sale licence or road permit to which a proposed forest stewardship plan relates and a timber sales manager are exempt from section 56 as it pertains to cumulative hydrological effects on fish habitat in a fisheries sensitive watershed if the timber sales manager(a) prepares and submits to the minister the proposed forest stewardship plan, including an intended result or strategy for fish habitat in a fisheries sensitive watershed set out in section 8.1, in relation to the areas of primary forest activity under the plan, and(b) receives the minister's approval to the plan.(6) A holder of a timber sale licence or road permit to which a proposed forest stewardship plan relates and a timber sales manager are exempt from section 57 as it pertains to cumulative hydrological effects on fish habitat in a fisheries sensitive watershed if the timber sales manager(a) prepares and submits to the minister the proposed forest stewardship plan, including an intended result or strategy for fish habitat in a fisheries sensitive watershed set out in section 8.1, in relation to the areas of primary forest activity under the plan, and(b) receives the minister's approval to the plan.[en.

, other than a woodlot licence;"altered forest landscape" means forest landscape that(a) is viewable from a significant public viewpoint,(b) contains cutblocks or roads, and(c) is in one of the categories prescribed under section 1.1;"authorized in respect of a road" means(a) a district manager, timber sales manager or other government employee or agent who is authorized by the minister to construct, maintain or deactivate a forest service road,(a.1) a person who(i) is the holder of a road use permit for a forest service road, and(ii) receives an order from the minister under section 79 (4),(b) an agreement holder who is authorized to construct, maintain or deactivate a road under a road permit, cutting permit or an agreement that does not provide for cutting permits, and(c) a person, other than a woodlot licence holder, who is authorized to construct, maintain or deactivate a road under a special use permit or within a Provincial forest under an Act other than(i) the , if the road is located within the boundaries of a claim, lease, permit or other authorization granted or issued under the applicable Act;"authorized person" means a person who is an agreement holder or a person who is described in paragraph (a), (a.1) or (c) in the definition of "authorized in respect of a road";"basal area" means(a) for the purposes of stocking standards, the cross-sectional area per hectare of the crop trees, and(b) for the purposes of retention of basal area in a riparian management zone, the cross-sectional area per hectare of standing trees, whether living or dead;"biodiversity" means the biological diversity of plants, animals and other living organisms in all their forms and levels of organization, including the biological diversity of genes, species and ecosystems;"biogeoclimatic zone" or "biogeoclimatic subzone" means a biogeoclimatic zone or biogeoclimatic subzone as described in the Ministry of Forests and Range's publication Biogeoclimatic Ecosystem Classification Codes and Names, as amended from time to time;"clearing width" means an area within a road right of way that is cleared of standing trees for the purpose of constructing or maintaining a road;"Coast" means an area of British Columbia located in the South Coast Forest Region, West Coast Forest Region or Coast Mountain Forest District, as established by the Administrative Boundaries Regulation;"commencement date" means(a) the date on which timber harvesting, other than on road rights of way or landings, begins on a cutblock, or(b) in the case of timber harvesting carried out in contravention of section 52 (1) of the Act takes effect, without any further opportunity for review or appeal in respect of the contravention;"community watershed" means a community watershed(a) established under section 41 (8) to (13) of the Act, or(c) designated under the Government Actions Regulation;"declared area" means an area that has been identified under section 14 (4);"delivered wood costs" means the costs associated with accessing and harvesting timber and delivering it to a timber processing facility;"direct tributary" means a portion of a tributary stream that(a) is a minimum of 100 m in length, and(b) has the same stream order as the most downstream reach of the tributary;"established objective" means(a) an objective continued under section 181 of the Act,(b) an objective described in Division 1 of Part 2,(c) a land use objective, and(d) an objective established under the Government Actions Regulation;"excavated or bladed trail" means a constructed trail that has(a) an excavated or bladed width greater than 1.5 m, and(b) a mineral soil cutbank height greater than 30 cm;"fan destabilization" means one or more of the following that occur beyond the naturally occurring range of variability:(a) an increase in the depth of a channel within an alluvial or colluvial fan;(b) water and sediment that overflows the banks of a channel within an alluvial or colluvial fan and spreads out across the surface of the fan;(c) the creation of a new channel within an alluvial or colluvial fan;"fibre recovery tenure holder" means a person that holds(a) a forestry licence to cut entered into under section 47.6 (2.11) of the ;"fish stream" means a watercourse that(a) is frequented by any of the following species of fish:(i) anadromous salmonids;(ii) rainbow trout, cutthroat trout, brown trout, bull trout, Dolly Varden char, lake trout, brook trout, kokanee, largemouth bass, smallmouth bass, mountain whitefish, lake whitefish, arctic grayling, burbot, white sturgeon, black crappie, yellow perch, walleye or northern pike;(iii) a species identified as a species at risk;(iv) a species identified as regionally important wildlife, or(b) has a slope gradient of less than 20%, unless the watercourse(i) does not contain any of the species of fish referred to in paragraph (a),(ii) is located upstream of a barrier to fish passage and all reaches upstream of the barrier are simultaneously dry at any time during the year, or(iii) is located upstream of a barrier to fish passage and no perennial fish habitat exists upstream of the barrier;"fisheries sensitive feature" means any of the following:(a) the littoral zone of a lake;(b) a freshwater area where the water is less than 10 m deep;(c) a flooded depression, pond or swamp that is not a stream, wetland or lake, but(i) either perennially or seasonally contains water, and(ii) is seasonally occupied by a species of fish referred to in paragraph (a) of the definition of "fish stream";"fisheries sensitive watershed" means an area of land identified under the Government Actions Regulation;"fisheries sensitive watershed objective" means an objective(a) continued under section 181 of the Act, or(ii) an area with significant watershed sensitivity continued under section 180 (g) of the Act, or(b) established under the Government Actions Regulation;"forest cover inventory" means a survey of trees and tree-related matters in an area that includes information required by the minister;"forest development unit" means an area identified in a forest stewardship plan(a) where forest development may occur during the term of the plan, and(b) within which, during the term of the plan, timber to be harvested or roads to be constructed are entirely located;"forest health factors" means biotic and abiotic influences on a forest that have an adverse effect on the health of trees and other plants;"free growing date" means the end of the period, following the commencement date, by which a free growing stand being established on the net area to be reforested must conform to stocking standards set in respect of the free growing stand;"free growing height" means the minimum height that a crop tree must attain before it forms part of a free growing stand;"general wildlife measure" means a general wildlife measure(a) continued under section 182 of the Act, or(b) established under the Government Actions Regulation;"gully process" means(a) a rapid erosion of sediment that creates a channel or increases the depth of an existing channel, or(b) a debris flood;"harvest", in relation to timber, means to fell or remove timber, other than under a silviculture treatment, including to(a) yard, deck or load timber,(b) process timber on site,(c) pile or dispose of logging debris,(d) construct excavated or bladed trails or other logging trails,(e) rehabilitate an area referred to in section 35, and(f) carry out sanitation treatments associated with operations referred to in paragraphs (a) to (e);"industrial user" means a person referred to in section 22.1 of the Act;"Interior" means an area of British Columbia, other than the Coast;"lakeshore management zone" means a lakeshore management zone established under the Government Actions Regulation;"land use objective" means an objective referred to in paragraph (b) of the definition of "objectives set by government" in section 1 of the Act;"landing" means an area of land that has been modified by equipment to make it suitable as a site for gathering logs before they are transported, and that is located within a cutblock or the clearing width of a road identified in a road permit;"licensed waterworks" means a water supply intake or a water storage and delivery infrastructure that is licensed under the ;"major culvert" means a stream culvert that(a) is one of the following:(i) a pipe having a diameter of 2 000 mm or greater;(ii) a pipe arch having a span greater than 2 130 mm;(iii) an open bottom arch having a span greater than 2 130 mm, or(b) has a maximum design discharge of 6 m per second or greater;"marine sensitive feature" means any of the following:(a) herring spawning areas, shellfish beds, saltwater marsh areas, aquaculture sites, juvenile salmonid rearing areas and adult salmon holding areas;(b) the littoral zone of a marine or estuary system;(c) a marine area where the water is less than 10 m deep;"minor tenure" means(a) a free use permit,(b) a Christmas tree permit,(c) an occupant licence to cut, or(d) a forestry licence to cut that is not a major licence and limits(i) the area from which timber may be harvested to 1 ha or less, and(ii) the volume of timber to be harvested to 2 000 m or less;"newspaper" means a newspaper circulating in the area covered by the matter being advertised, or if no newspaper circulates in that area, then a newspaper that circulates nearest to that area, and includes a newspaper that is free and one that does not have subscribers;"old growth management area" means an area that is subject to old growth management objectives established under section 3 ;"permanent access structure" means an access structure in a cutblock that(a) at the time of its construction, is reasonably expected to provide access for timber harvesting and other activities that are not wholly contained in the cutblock, or(b) is constructed on or through, or contains, materials unsuitable for the establishment of a commercial crop of trees and is not an excavated or bladed trail,but does not include an area that contained an access structure before rehabilitation of the area under section 36;"primary forest activity" means one or more of the following:(a) timber harvesting;(b) silviculture treatments;(c) road construction, maintenance and deactivation;"regeneration date" means the end of the period, following the commencement date, by which a stand being established on the net area to be reforested must conform to stocking standards set in respect of regeneration;"regionally important wildlife" means a species of wildlife identified within a category established under the Government Actions Regulation;"resource feature" means a resource feature identified under the Government Actions Regulation;"riparian class" means the riparian class of a stream, wetland or lake as determined under Division 3 , that(a) is a portion of the riparian management area, and(b) is established to(i) conserve the fish, wildlife habitat, biodiversity and the water values of the riparian management zone, and(ii) protect the riparian reserve zone, if any, within the riparian management area;"riparian reserve zone" means an area described under Division 3 , that(a) is a portion of a riparian management area, and(b) is established to protect fish, wildlife habitat, biodiversity and the water values of the riparian reserve zone;"road" means all or part of a road that is(a) a forest service road,(b) authorized under a road permit, a cutting permit, an agreement under the , if the road is located within the boundaries of a claim, lease, permit or other authorization granted or issued under the applicable Act or regulation,and includes any of a tote road, pit, quarry, landing or waste area that is located within the road's clearing width, that is used in conjunction with the road;"road prism" means an area consisting of the road surface and any cut slope and road fill;"scenic area" means a scenic area(a) continued under section 180 (c) of the Act, or(b) established under the Government Actions Regulation;"silviculture treatment" includes(a) site preparation for the purposes of reforestation,(b) planting trees,(c) brushing, including grazing for the purposes of brushing,(d) juvenile spacing,(e) fertilization,(f) pruning,(g) sanitation treatments associated with a silviculture treatment, and(h) pest management treatments, other than sanitation treatments;"soil disturbance" means disturbance to the soil in the net area to be reforested in a cutblock because of(a) temporary access structures,(b) gouges, ruts and scalps, or(c) compacted areas,but does not include the effect on the soil of rehabilitating an area in accordance with section 35;"species at risk" means a species identified within a category established under the Government Actions Regulation;"specified ungulate species" means an ungulate species identified within a category established under the Government Actions Regulation;"standards unit" means one or more parts of a cutblock for which part or parts there is only one of each of the following:(a) soil disturbance limit;(b) regeneration date;(c) stocking standard;(d) free growing date;(e) free growing height for each species that contributes to establishing a free growing stand on the cutblock;"stocking standards" means the stocking standards that apply when(a) establishing a free growing stand, or(b) meeting the requirements of section 44 (4) ;"stream" means a watercourse, including a watercourse that is obscured by overhanging or bridging vegetation or soil mats, that contains water on a perennial or seasonal basis, is scoured by water or contains observable deposits of mineral alluvium, and that(a) has a continuous channel bed that is 100 m or more in length, or(b) flows directly into(i) a fish stream or a fish-bearing lake or wetland, or(ii) a licensed waterworks;"temporary access structure" means an access structure that(a) is in a cutblock, and(b) does not conform to the criteria described in paragraph (a) or (b) of the definition of "permanent access structure"and does not include a pit or quarry;"temperature sensitive stream" means a fish stream designated as a temperature sensitive stream under the Government Actions Regulation;"ungulate winter range" means an ungulate winter range(a) continued under section 180 (a) of the Act, or(b) established under the Government Actions Regulation;"visual quality objective" means(a) an objective continued, in respect of a scenic area, under section 181 of the Act,(b) an objective established for a scenic area under the Government Actions Regulation, or(c) a visual quality class continued, for a scenic area, under section 17 of the Government Actions Regulation;"water quality objective" means a water quality objective for a community watershed(a) continued under section 181 of the Act, or(b) established under the Government Actions Regulation;"wetland" means a swamp, marsh, bog, or other similar area that supports natural vegetation, that is distinct from adjacent upland areas;"wildlife habitat area" means a wildlife habitat area(a) continued under section 180 (b) of the Act, or(b) established under the Government Actions Regulation;"wildlife habitat feature" means a wildlife habitat feature identified under the Government Actions Regulation;"wildlife trees" means a tree or group of trees that(a) provide wildlife habitat, and(b) assist in the conservation of stand level biodiversity;"wildlife tree retention area" means an area occupied by wildlife trees that is located(a) in a cutblock,(b) in an area that is contiguous to a cutblock, or(c) in an area that is sufficiently close to the cutblock that the wildlife trees could directly impact on, or be directly impacted by, a forest practice carried out in the cutblock;"written" or "in writing" includes written messages transmitted electronically.(2) In the Act and this regulation:"certify", in section 16 (1.01) of the Act, means to attest by means of a certificate that the agrologist, the professional biologist, the professional engineer, the professional geoscientist or the professional forester who issues the certificate(a) is of the opinion that a forest stewardship plan or amendment to a forest stewardship plan conforms to section 5 of the Act in relation to the subject matter described in section 22.1 (2) of this regulation,(b) in forming that opinion, he or she took all steps required of him or her as a professional, and(c) the opinion referred to in paragraph (a) is based on either or both of the following:(i) his or her own knowledge;(ii) information from credible sources;"net area to be reforested" means the portion of a cutblock that remains after the following have been excluded:(a) areas occupied by permanent access structures;(b) contiguous areas that(i) in their natural state, are not capable of supporting a stand of trees in order to meet the stocking standards for un-excluded areas, and(ii) are at least 0.1 ha in size and 10 m wide or are identified under section 86;(c) contiguous areas of non-commercial forest cover that(i) are present on the cutblock at the commencement of timber harvesting, and(ii) are at least 0.1 ha in size and 10 m wide or are identified under section 86;(d) wildlife tree retention areas;(e) riparian reserve zones;(f) areas reserved for purposes other than timber harvesting."result" means a description of(a) measurable or verifiable outcomes in respect of a particular established objective, and(b) the situations or circumstances that determine where in a forest development unit the outcomes under paragraph (a) will be applied;"strategy" means a description of(a) measurable or verifiable steps or practices that will be carried out in respect of a particular established objective, and(b) the situations or circumstances that determine where in a forest development unit the steps or practices will be applied;(3) Section 177 (2) and (3) of the Act and the definitions of "Code", "Code Regulation", "effective date" and "site level plan" in section 177 (1) of the Act apply for the purposes of this regulation.(4) In sections 12.21, 43.1, 43.2, and section 1.1 in Schedule 1 of this regulation:"adequate stocking density" means a stand of trees comprised of(a) at least 700 trees per ha that are(i) at least 1.6 m apart from each other, and(ii) 6 m or greater in height, or(b) at least 900 trees per ha that are(i) at least 1.6 m apart from each other, and(ii) 4 m or greater in height;"suitable secondary structure" means the saplings, poles, sub-canopy and canopy trees within a stand of trees that are(a) likely to survive an attack from mountain pine beetle,(b) a species of tree(i) specified in a forest stewardship plan applicable to the area, or(ii) if there is no forest stewardship plan applicable to the area, specified as a preferred or acceptable species in the publication of the Ministry of Forests and Range, Reference Guide for Forest Development Plan Stocking Standards, as amended from time to time,for the purposes of establishing a free growing stand on the site series, and(c) of sufficiently good form, health and vigor to provide merchantable trees for future harvesting;"targeted pine leading stand" means a stand of trees that has all of the following attributes:(a) is depicted on a government-endorsed forest cover map that indicates lodgepole pine is the leading tree species;(b) is at least 5 ha in size with an adequate stocking density of suitable secondary structure;(c) is located in(i) a timber supply area or tree farm licence area designated by the chief forester in an order made under section 43.2 (1) (a), or(ii) an area within(A) the 100 Mile House timber supply area, the Kamloops timber supply area, the Lakes timber supply area, the Merritt timber supply area, the Prince George timber supply area, the Quesnel timber supply area, the Williams Lake timber supply area or the Okanagan timber supply area, or(B) Tree Farm Licence 18, 35, 42, 48, 49, 52 or 53 unless the timber supply area or tree farm licence area is designated by the chief forester in an order made under section 43.2 (1) (b) as an area which may not contain a targeted pine leading stand.[am.

15.] For the purposes of paragraph (c) of the definition of "altered forest landscape" in section 1, the following categories are prescribed, each according to the extent of alteration resulting from the size, shape and location of cutblocks and roads:(a) : consisting of an altered forest landscape in which the alteration, when assessed from a significant public viewpoint, is(i) very small in scale, and(ii) not easily distinguishable from the pre-harvest landscape;(b) : consisting of an altered forest landscape in which the alteration, when assessed from a significant public viewpoint, is(i) easy to see,(ii) small to medium in scale, and(iii) natural and not rectilinear or geometric in shape;(d) : consisting of an altered forest landscape in which the alteration, when assessed from a significant public viewpoint,(i) is very easy to see, and(ii) is(A) large in scale and natural in its appearance, or(B) small to medium in scale but with some angular characteristics;(e) : consisting of an altered forest landscape in which the alteration, when assessed from a significant public viewpoint,(i) is very easy to see, and(ii) is(A) very large in scale,(B) rectilinear and geometric in shape, or(C) both.[en.

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